Kachai Lemon (Citrus jambheri Lush.)
Kachai Lemon (Citrus jambheri Lush.) of Manipur is an exotic horticultural fruit from Northeast India which has been accorded Geographical Indication (GI) registration tag. Popularly known as Kachai Champra (Lemon), it is widely grown in the Kachai village in Ukhrul District, Manipur.
Unlike the other lemon varieties grown in other part of world, Kachai Lemon is considered to be unique as it contains 45-51 mg/100 ml ascorbic acid, the highest so far available in the realm of citrus while other lemon varieties have only 45-51 ascorbic acid mg/100 ml of juice. The juice content is 36-56 ml per fruit. The fruit bearing plans of Kachai Lemon look like flowering trees during harvesting time.
Uses and Processing Opportunities
Kachai Lemon is a high yielding landrace with high economic value. It is consumed as fresh fruit and also used for making juice and pickles.
The best ways of consumption are as fresh fruit or fresh squeezed juice. Citrus fruits are well known for their vitamin C content and are also good sources of vitamin A, folic acid and dietary fibre.
Fresh citrus fruits can be stored for several days at room temperature or for several weeks in the refrigerator. Fresh- squeezed juice should be stored in the refrigerator and is stable at refrigerator temperature for several weeks from a nutritional standpoint.
Different value added products can be prepared from Kachai Lemon. The major products are juice, squash, RTS beverage and pickle. ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Manipur Centre has standardized a commercially viable technology of converting Kachai Lemon juice into powder. In addition, ascorbic acid and pectin can be extracted from juice and peel respectively.
|Fruit Weight||: 60-100 g|
|Fruit Length||: 44-55 mm|
|Fruit breath||: 40-59 mm|
|Rind thickness||: 1.9-3.5 mm|
|Fruit shape||: Spheroid|
|Fruit Colour||: Yellow to Orange Yellow|
|Juice / Fruit||: 40-57%|
|Seed / Fruit||: 7-19|
|TSS||: 6.8-10.5 brix|
|Ascorbic acid||: 45-51 mg /100 ml juice|
Status of Organic Certification
The crop has been undergoing the process of certification under standards laid down and administered in India by APEDA i.e. National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) since 2016. Organic certificate has already been obtained for an area of 200 ha. of Kachai Lemon.
Variety Grown and Availability in Manipur
Awarded Geographical Indicator (GI) tag owing to its unique taste and flavour of the fruit. The fruit will be available from January to March every year